• Soccer Study Guide 

    Attacker- the player with possession of the ball

    Center Line-the halfway line drawn across the center of the field

    Chop- a deliberate change of direction with the ball.

    Challenge-when a defender goes up for the ball with an attacker

    Chip-when a ball is kicked using a stabbing motion which lofts the ball over the opponents head.

    Clear: When a ball is played out of the back, down the field, in response to heavy pressure from the opposition. 

    Corner Kick- A direct free kick taken from the corner. It happen when the ball goes across the goal line and was last touched by a defender.

    Cover- A defensive concept to help back up a fellow defender putting pressure on the ball.

    Cross-when a ball comes across the field from the outside usually played towards the goal.

    Direct Free Kick- A free kick that can be shot on goal without the ball being touched by another player.

    Dribbling- using touches with your feet to control the ball.

    Drop- A pass to a player behind the ball

    Far Post- the goal post furthest from the ball.

    Give and Go- When a player passes it to a teammate, then runs down field, and gets the ball right back.  Also known as a wall pass, or a 1-2.

    Goal Kick- A goal kick is taken by the defending team when the ball goes over the goal line and was last touched by an offensive player.

    Goal Line/End Line- The boundary line at each end of the field where the goals are.

    Hand Ball- The INTENTIONAL use of the hands or arm by a field player resulting in a free kick

    Indirect Free Kick- A free kick that cannot score with out first being touched by another player.

    Juggling- the skill of keeping the ball in the air your feet andother various parts of the body.

    Marking- the defensive concept of guarding another player

    Offside-when a receiver of a pass is positioned on his opponents half of the field with less than two defenders between him and the end at the moment the ball is passed.

    One Time Passing or Shooting- To pass or shoot on the first touch of the ball.

    Over lap- when a player runs around and ahead of the ball for a pass, usually from the middle around an outside player. 

    Pressure- refers to a defender putting pressure on his opponent with the ball

    Save- When a goalie makes a play on the ball, keeping it out of the goal

    Shielding-a technique where the player with the ball positions his body between the ball and the defender.

    Switch- Playing the ball across to the opposite side of the field in hopes of moving the ball out of pressure.

    Tackling- Using your feet to steal the ball from an opponent

    Up, Back, Through:  A combination play where the ball is passed forward to a teammate, who then drops the ball back to a player behind them, and then the ball is played forward through the defense, sending the attacking team forward to goal. 

    General Rules:


      1. All goals are 1 point.
      2. A goal is scored when the entire ball has passed completely over the goal-line between the goal posts and under the crossbar.

    Starting Play:

      1. A team has the choice of side or kick-off.  The player shall take a place kick from the center spot. The ball may be played forward, sideways, or backwards.
      2. All opponents must be at least 10 feet from the ball.
      3. The kicker may not play the ball a second time, including instances where the ball bounces off the perimeter wall back to the kicker, without first having touched another player.


    Handball Violation:

    1. The ball may not be thrown, carried, or intentionally propelled by the hand or arm of an attacking player.
    2. The opponents are given a direct kick from the point of the infraction.  (This will be a penalty kick if inside the penalty area).


    Restrictions:  The following infractions shall cause the referee to stop play and award a free kick for the opponents to be taken at the top of the restraining arc:

    Handball outside of the penalty area: The goalkeeper is not allowed to handle the ball outside of the penalty area.

    Goalkeeper striking: A goalkeeper shall be ejected if he intentionally strikes an opponent by throwing the ball violently at him, or pushes him violently while holding the ball.  


      1. The shootout will use one goal and consist of the five field players currently on the field.
      2. The ball will be placed on the foul line. The defending goalkeeper shall take up his position with both feet touching his goal line.  Once the ball is touched the goalie is free to move.
      3. The player identified as taking the shootout will take up his position next to the ball.
      4. All other field players, with the exception of the opposing goalkeeper, must be stationed behind the arc.  
      5. The player taking the shootout attempt may consecutively touch, dribble, pass, and play the ball through to the completion of the attempt.


      • A free kick is awarded the opponents at the point of the infraction.
      • Fouls include:
        1. Kick or attempts to kick an opponent;
        2. Trip an opponent;
        3. Jump at an opponent;
        4. Strike or attempts to strike an opponent;
        5. Push an opponent: